The Choice for Europe since Maastricht - Concept

The theoretical framework of the project is situated in political science literature and builds on the intergovernmental integration theory and the comparative political economy research. Our underlying assumption is that member states' governments have distinct identifiable preferences that can be linked to domestic economic structures, fiscal policies and institutions. For example, we expect that the size and international orientation of the domestic financial sector determine a government's position on banking regulations. However, governments' preferences may not simply be a function of the domestic economic and fiscal structures, as our main argument claims. For example, voter preferences and constitutional rules also influence governments' preference formation. As a further alternative explanation, we aim to analyze whether decision makers rather reacted to external problem pressure. The more recent adoption of the European Stability Mechanism, for example, suggests that external (market) pressures were critical drivers of economic integration. The external pressure argument is alternative to our main argument, if the recent integration steps were mostly functional reactions of member states' governments to pressures. It is  more complementary, however, if external pressures did not change core positions but made member states' governments more willing to integrate.

The empirical research strategy of our project is divided into three steps.

  • In the first step, we code member states' positions for different economic and political integration models by analyzing all relevant inter-governmental negotiations since the negotiation of the Maastricht Treaty. We investigate primary and secondary documents and conduct interviews with key decision makers who participated in the more recent negotiations to study which member states advocated what kind of fiscal and economic integration model. 
  • in the second step of the project, we quantitatively analyst the extent to which member states' preferences are associated with domestic economic political and fiscal characteristics. We expect, for example, that countries with traditions of fiscal discipline are genuinely supportive of economic integration models that emphasis fiscal discipline. 
  • the second step of the research provides quantitative evidence on the correlation between national preferences for economic and fiscal integration and the political economic and fiscal characteristics of member states. For a more nuanced understanding of how and why domestic politics economy interests translate into national governmental preferences, we aim to conduct qualitative case studies in the third step of the project. 

 

 

Graphics Project steps
  • News
    The Paris Lodron University of Salzburg has launched an in-house mentoring program for new students as part of the “On Track” project. And it has come at the right time, because the lockdown has made the start of their studies into a real challenge for many first-semester students.
    18 participants recently completed the university course in early childhood education with a master's degree. The course was held for the second time in Salzburg. Regional Minister Andrea Klambauer awarded prizes to nine of the graduates for their outstanding theses.
    The recording of the PLUS Talks "Studies and Teaching WS 2020/21“ from 25.11.2020 is now available.
    Matthias Henke, musicologist, Danube University Krems, talks about Beethoven's current biography “Beethoven. Akkord der Welt ( Chord of the World)”, published in 2020 by Hanser Verlag.
    24 very easy exercises on 24 cards can be found in the SALTO advent calendar. The exercise ideas are ideal for children from the age of three and are also easy for the whole family to carry out in a small space. With the support of the Kinder Büro (Children's Office), this combinable contribution should benefit as many as possible.
    Researchers led by Salzburg's geoinformatics scientist Christian Neuwirth had already developed and presented a mathematical model for Covid-19 in May 2020 which examines the question of how long and intensively social distancing measures have to be maintained in order to reduce corona deaths further.
    Results of the study on media use by children and families during lockdown. Home schooling could be improved, but is on the right track. Secondary schools have a better profile. Families have learned to deal with lockdown and homeschooling.
    A study carried out by the sleep laboratory of the Faculty of Natural Sciences on the topic of sleep under the direction Prof. Dr. Manuel Schabus is dedicated to the changes in sleep during the Covid-19 lockdown in 6 different countries (Ö, AT, UK, GR, CU, BRA). The fear, which is worrying from a psychological point of view, and which is evident across society, is also reflected in this data: 78% of those surveyed feel threatened or worried by the Covid-19 pandemic.
    Online lecture on chemistry: December 2nd 2020 - 6 p.m. Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna received the 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the discovery of one of the sharpest tools in genetic engineering: the CRISPR / Cas9 genetic scissors. With this technology, researchers can modify the DNA of animals, plants and microorganisms with extremely high precision.
    Digitization has led to an enormous spread of different forms of mobile working. Corona has brought an additional boost and has introduced home office in areas and for activities that were previously unimaginable.
    During the time of Corona, in particular, it became clear just how important it is to support students digitally in their every day university life. The project „On Track“ – stay on track combines digital and social worlds. It is starting at the right time!
  • Veranstaltungen
  • 02.12.20 Adventkalender der Universitätsbibliothek Salzburg 2020
    02.12.20 PLUS startupSPRECHTAG - gather your ideas
    02.12.20 Musikpyhsiologie und Musikermedizin: Musizieren im Zusammenwirken von Psyche und Körper
    02.12.20 Nobelpreise 2020 - CHEMIE (Genschere)
    03.12.20 Adventkalender der Universitätsbibliothek Salzburg 2020
    04.12.20 Adventkalender der Universitätsbibliothek Salzburg 2020
    04.12.20 Ideen mit Methode
    05.12.20 Adventkalender der Universitätsbibliothek Salzburg 2020
    06.12.20 Adventkalender der Universitätsbibliothek Salzburg 2020
    07.12.20 Adventkalender der Universitätsbibliothek Salzburg 2020
    08.12.20 Adventkalender der Universitätsbibliothek Salzburg 2020
  • Alumni Club
  • PRESS
  • University of Salzburg's facebook site University of Salzburg's twitter site University of Salzburg's instagram site University of Salzburg's flickr site University of Salzburg's vimeo site