Jan Christian Habel

Jan Christian Habel

Research interest

I am working in different fields of evolutionary biology, conservation biology and ecology on invertebrates (as butterflies, carabids, scorpions) and vertebrates (mainly bird species). In my research studies I am focusing on:

  • The biological value of extant populations (relict species)
  • North Africa as speciation centre and refugium of thermophilic species
  • Biodiversity hotspots under global change
  • Evolution processes in East African mountain forests including the impact of recent habitat destruction of these ecosystems

My main-interest is bringing together several research-aspects (interdisciplinary approaches from different scientific fields), analysed with a wide range of methods as:

  • Molecular genetics (alloenzymes electrophoresis, microsatellites, AFLPs, DNA sequencing, single nucleotide polymorphisms)
  • Ecological analyses (Nestedness analyses, Mark-Release-Recapture experiments)
  • Geometric morphometricsBioacoustics analyses
  • TelemetryEcological modelling

The central question is how intraspecific characters (as morphology, molecules and behaviour) are affected by past and recent environmental conditions.


Curriculum vitae

  • 12/2012- 02/2019: Department of Ecology and Ecosystemmanagement, Technische Universität München, Hans-Carl-von-Carlowitz-Platz 2, D-85350 Freising-Weihenstephan
  • 02- 12/2012: Institute of Biogeography and Department of Behavioural Genetics, Trier University, Germany; research and teaching
  • 02/2010- 12/2012: Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Ghent University, Belgium, Prof. Lens, Prof. Van Dyck, Prof. Bonte;research on vertebrate species (especially bird species of East African cloud forests)
  • 02/2010- today: National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya; research and field courses in population ecology and evolutionary biology
  • 01/2009- 01/2010: Leuphana University Lüneburg, Germany, Prof. Aßmann; teaching and research in evolutionary biology and conservation genetics
  • 05/2006- 02/2012: Natural History Museums Luxembourg, Luxembourg; formation of a research group in population biology of invertebrate species. Organisation of various scientific conferences in collaboration with Prof. Avise, Prof. Hewitt, Prof. Mallet, Prof. Stork, Dr. Mittermeier and others about Relict Species and Biodiversity Hotspots Education
  • 07/2011: Habilitation in the field of biogeography, Trier University, Germany
  • 06/2003- 05/2006: Institute of Biogeography, Trier University, Germany, Prof. Schmitt, Prof. Müller; Dissertation about the population genetics of butterfly species – summa cum laude, awarded by the advancement award of Trier University 2007.
  • 03/2000- 06/2003: Leuphana University Lüneburg, Germany; Course work in Environmental Sciences, major in ecology, conservation biology. Diplomarbeit ((e.g. Masters degree) on the effects of habitat fragmentation – 1.0)
  • 09/1998- 03/2000: Hochschule Görlitz/Zittau, Germany, Course work in Ecology; Vordiplom (equivalent to Bachelors degree) in the basics of natural sciences. Internships Umweltbundesamt, Umweltministerium Berlin, Universität Otago, Neuseeland; Malelangwe Wilderness Reserve, Zimbabwe.
  • 08/1997- 08/1998: Civil Service (Anderer Dienst im Ausland – France)
  • 1985- 07/1997: Elementary / Secondary School, Freie Waldorfschule Filstal, Abitur



Barrierefreiheit: Kurzbeschreibung des Bildes


Research articles


Cardoso P, Barton P, Birkhofer K, Chichorro F, Deacon C, Fartmann T, Fukushima C, Gaigher R, Habel JC, Hallmann C, Hill M, Hochkirch A, Kwak M, Mammola S, Noriega JA, Orfinger A, Pedraza F, Pryke JS, Roque F, Settele J, Simaika J, Stork N, Suhling F, Vorster C, Samways M (2020) Scientists’ warning to humanity on insect extinctions. Biological Conservation 242:108426.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108426

Habel JC, Husemann M, Schmitt T, Ulrich W (2020) Island-mainland lepidopteran assemblies: a blue-print for species conservation in fragmented habitats. Biodiversity and Conservation https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-020-02025-2

Habel JC, Koc E, Gerstmeier R, Gruppe A, Seibold S, Ulrich W (2020) Insect diversity across an afro-tropical forest biodiversity hotspot. Journal of Insect Conservation.

Habel JC, Nzau JM, Apfelbeck B, Bendzko T, Fischer C, Kimatu JN, Mwakumanya MA, Maghenda M, Mulwa RK, Rieckmann M, Shauri H, Teucher M, Schmitt C (2020)  Land scarcity, communication gaps and institutional confusions influence the loss of biodiversity in south-eastern Kenya.Biodiversity and Conservation. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-020-02043-0

Habel JC, Ulrich W (2020) Ecosystem functions in natural and anthropogenic ecosystems across the East African coastal forest landscape. Biotropica 00: 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1111/btp.12780

Habel JC, Zamora C, Rödder D, Teucher M, Cuadros-Casanova I, Fischer C (2020) Using indicator species to detect high quality habitats in an East African forest biodiversity hotspot. Biodiversity and Conservation.

Hausmann A, Segerer AH, Greifenstein T, Knubben J, Morinière J, Bozicevic V, Doczkal D, Günter A, Ulrich W, Habel JC (2020) Toward a standardized quantitative and qualitative insect monitoring scheme. Ecology and Evolution 10: 4009– 4020. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6166

Heinen R, Ambrecht I, Basset Y, Baxter-Gilbert J, Bezemer T, Böhm M, Bommarco R, Borges P, Cardoso P, Clausnitzer V, Cornelisse T, Crone E, Dicke M, Dijkstra K-D, Dyer L, Ellers J, Fartmann T, Forister M, Furlong M, Garcia A, Gerlach J, Gols R, Goulson D, Habel JC, Haddad N, Hallmann CA, Henriques S, Herberstein M, Hochkirch A, Hughes A, Jespen S, Hefin Jones T, Kaydan M, Kleijn D, Klein A-M, Latty T, Leather S, Lewis S, Lister B, Losey J, Lowe E, Macadam C, Montoya-Lerma J, Nagano C, Ogan S, Orr M , Painting C, Pham T, Potts S, Rauf A, Roslin T, Samways M, Sanchez-Bayo F, Sar S, Schultz C, Soares A, Thancharoen A, Tscharntke T, Tylianakis J, Umbers K, Vet L, Visser M, Vujić A, Wagner D, Wallis de Vries M, Westphal C, White T, Wilkins V, Williams P, Wyckhuys K, Zhu Z-R , de Kroon H (2019) International scientists formulate a roadmap for insect conservation and recovery. Nature Ecology and Evolution 4: 174–176. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-1079-8

Nzau JM, Gosling E, Rieckmann M, Shauri , Habel JC (2020) The illusion of a Participatory Forest Management success story: A matter of inter-ethnic relations and the history of the local people. Biodiversity and Conservation 29: 1923–1936. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-020-01954-2

Samways MJ, Barton P, Birkhofer K, Deacon C, Fartmann T, Habel JC, Hill MJ, Hochkirch A, Maes D, Pryke JS, De Oliveira Roque F, Settele J, Stork NE, Suhling F, Vorster C, Cardoso P (2020) Stopping global insect decline with effective strategies: thinking right and acting fast. Biological Conservation.

Schmitt T, Ulrich W, Büschel H, Bretzel J, Gebler J, Mwadine L, Habel JC (2020) The relevance of cloud forest fragments and their transition zones for butterfly conservation in Taita Hills, Kenya. Biodiversity and conservation.

Teucher M, Schmitt CB, Wiese A, Apfelbeck B, Maghenda M, Pellikka P, Lens L, Habel JC (2020) Behind the fog: Forest degradation despite logging bans in an East African cloud forest. Global Ecology and Conservation 22:e01024 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2020.e01024


Habel JC, Gossner M, Schmitt T (2019) What makes a species a priority for nature conservation? Animal Conservation 23: 28-35. https://doi.org/10.1111/acv.12512

Habel JC, Samways MJ, Schmitt T (2019) Mitigating the precipitous decline of terrestrial European insects: Requirements for a new strategy. Biodiversity and Conservation 28: 1343–1360. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-019-01741-8

Habel JC, Schneider UA, Schmid E, Engler JO, Rödder D, Meyer ST, Assmann T, Zachos FE, Lens L, Eggermont H, Sos del Diego R, Weisser WW, Mittermeier RA, Stork N (2019) Final countdown for biodiversity hotspots. Conservation Letters 12: e12668. https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12668

Habel JC, Segerer AH, Ulrich W, Schmitt T (2019) Succession matters: Community shifts in moths over three decades increases multifunctionality in intermediate successional stages. Scientific Reports) 9: 5586. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41571-w

Habel JC, Tobias J, Fischer C (2019) Movement ecology of Afrotropical birds: Functional traits provide complementary insights to species identity. Biotropica 51: 894– 902. https://doi.org/10.1111/btp.12702

Habel JC, Trusch R, Schmitt T, Ochse M, Ulrich W (2019) Long-term large-scale decline in relative abundances of butterfly and burnet moth species across south-western Germany. Scientific Reports 9: 14921.  https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-51424-1 

Habel JC, Ulrich W, Biburger N, Seibold S, Schmitt T (2019) Agricultural intensification drives butterfly decline. Journal of Insect Diversity and Conservation 12: 289-295. https://doi.org/10.1111/icad.12343

Habel JC, Ulrich W, Schmitt T (2019) Butterflies in corridors: Quality matters for specialists. Journal of Insect Diversity and Conservation 13: 91-98. https://doi.org/10.1111/icad.12386

Marešová J, Habel JC, Nève G, Sielezniew M, Bartonová A. Kostro-Ambroziak A, Faltýnek FZ (2019) Cross-continental phylogeography of two boreo-montane Nymphalid butterflies. PlosOne 14: e0214483. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0214483

Seibold S, Gossner MM, Simons NK, Blüthgen N, Müller J, Ambarlı D, Ammer C, Bauhus J, Fischer M, Habel JC, Linsenmair KE, Nauss T, Penone C, Prati D, Schall P, Schulze ED, Vogt J, Wöllauer S, Weisser WW (2019) Arthropod decline in grasslands and forests is associated with landscape-level drivers. Nature 574: 671-674. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1684-3


Cuadros-Casanova I, Zamora C, Ulrich W, Seibold S, Habel JC (2018) Empty forests: safeguarding a sinking flagship in a biodiversity hotspot. Biodiversity and Conservation 27: 2495-2506. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-018-1548-4 

Fiera C, Habel JC, Puchalka R, Ulrich W (2018) Environmental correlates of community structure in cavernicole springtails (Collembola). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 124: 765–775. https://doi.org/10.1093/biolinnean/bly078 

Fiera C, Habel JC, Ulrich W (2018) Neutral colonisations drive high beta-diversity in cavernicole springtails (Collembola). PLoS ONE 13: e0189638. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0189638 

Fischer C, Habel JC (2018) Behaviour and habitat selection of the Kenyan endemic Hinde´s babbler in disturbed gallery forests. Journal of Tropical Ecology 34: 395-399. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-018-1222-1 

Habel JC, Husemann M, Ulrich W (2018) Evolution of contact and alarm calls in the Kenyan endemic Hinde’s babbler (Aves: Passeriformes). BMC Evolutionary Biology 18: 112. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-018-1222-1 

Habel JC, Schmitt T (2018) Vanishing of the common species: Empty habitats and the role of genetic diversity. Biological Conservation 218: 211-216. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.12.018

Habel JC, Seibold S, Ulrich W, Schmitt T (2018) Seasonality overrides differences in butterfly species composition between natural and anthropogenic forest habitats. Animal Conservation 21: 405-413. https://doi.org/10.1111/acv.12408 

Habel JC, Teucher M, Rödder D (2018) Mark-release-recapture meets Species Distribution Models: Identifying micro-habitats of grassland butterflies in agricultural landscapes. PlosOne 13: e0207052. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0207052 

Habel JC, Teucher M, Ulrich W, Schmitt T (2018) Documenting the chronology of ecosystem health erosion along East African rivers. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation 4: 34-43. https://doi.org/10.1002/rse2.55

Nzau JM, Rogers R, Shauri HS, Rieckmann M, Habel JC (2018) Smallholder perceptions and communication gaps shape East African riparian ecosystems. Biodiversity and Conservation 27:3745-3757.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-018-1624-9 

Rangel López J.Á, Husemann M, Schmitt T, Kramp K, Habel JC (2018) Mountain barriers and trans-Saharan connections shape the genetic structure of Pimelia darkling beetles (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 124:547-556.  https://doi.org/10.1093/biolinnean/bly053 


Fiera C, Habel JC, Kunz M, Ulrich W (2017) Large-scale phylogenetic structure of European springtails (Collembola) depends on species range size and postglacial colonization history. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 120: 664-674. https://doi.org/10.1111/bij.12907

Giraldo-Deck LM, Habel JC, Meimberg H, Garitano-Zavala Á (2017) Genetic evidence for promiscuity in the Ornate Tinamou Nothoprocta ornata (Aves: Tinamiformes). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 120: 604-611.  https://doi.org/10.1111/bij.12911 

Habel JC, Casanova ICC, Zamora C, Teucher M, Hornetz B, Shauri H, Mulwa RK, Lens L (2017) East African coastal forest under pressure. Biodiversity and Conservation 26: 2751-2758. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-017-1375-z 

Habel JC, Lens L, Eggermont H, Githiru M, Mulwa RK, Shauri HS, Lewinsohn TM, Weisser WW, Schmitt T (2017) More topics from the tropics: additional thoughts to Mammides et al. Biodiversity and Conservation 26: 237-241. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-016-1236-1 

Habel JC, Vila R, Voda R, Husemann M, Schmitt T, Dapporto L (2017) Differentiation in the marbled white butterfly species complex driven by multiple evolutionary forces. Journal of Biogeography 44: 433-445 species complex driven by multiple evolutionary forces. Journal of Biogeography 44: 433-445 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12868 

Husemann M, Rogers R, Meyer S, Habel JC (2017) “Publicationism” and scientists’ satisfaction depend on gender, career stage and the wider academic system. Palgrave Communications 3: 17032https://doi.org/10.1057/palcomms.2017.32 

Ulrich W, Banks-Leite C, De Coster G, Habel JC, Matheve H, Newmark WD, Tobias JA, Lens L (2017) Environmentally mediated patterns co-occurrence of bird functional traits in tropical forest fragments. Oikos. 127: 274-284 https://doi.org/10.1111/oik.04561 


Drees C, Husemann M, Homburg K, Brandt P, Dieker P, Habel JC, von Wehrden H, Zumstein P, Assmann T (2016) Molecular analyses and species distribution models indicate cryptic northern mountain refugia for a forest dwelling ground beetle. Journal of Biogeography 43: 2223-2236. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12828 

Geraldo Deck LM, Habel JC, Curto M, Husemann M, Sturm S, Gartiano-Zavala A, Meimberg H (2016) Microsatellite markers for two sympatric tinamou bird species, the Ornate Tinamou Nothoprocta ornate and the Darwin´s Nothura Nothura darwinii. Avian Biology Research 9: 139-146. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12656 

Habel JC, Augenstein B, Schmitt T, Ulrich W (2016) Managing towards extinction: diverging temporal changes in plant and ground beetle associations in calcareous grassland nature reserves. Basic and Applied Ecology 17: 668-677. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.baae.2016.08.004 

Habel JC, Hillen J, Schmitt T, Fischer C (2016) Restricted movements and high site fidelity in three East African cloud forest birds. Journal of Tropical Ecology 32: 83-87. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0266467415000516 

Habel JC, Teucher M, Eggermont H, Haber WW, Lens L (2016) Nature conservation at the edge. Biodiversity and Conservation 25: 791-799. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-016-1073-2 

Habel JC, Teucher M, Rödder D, Bleicher M-T, Dieckow C, Wiese A, Fischer C (2016) Kenyan endemic bird species at home in novel ecosystem. Ecology and Evolution 6: 2494–2505. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.2038

Habel JC, Teucher M, Ulrich W, Bauer M, Rödder D (2016) Drones for butterfly conservation: Detection of micro larval habitats using unmanned aerial vehicles. Landscape Ecology 31: 2385. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-016-0409-3 

Habel JC, Segerer A, Ulrich W, Torchyk O, Weisser WW, Schmitt T (2016) Butterfly community shifts over two centuries. Conservation Biology 30: 754-762. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12656 

Husemann M, Sturm S, Curto M, Meimberg H, Habel JC (2016) Four new mitochondrial genomes of the genus Zosterops (Aves: Passeriformes: Zosteropidae) from East Africa with a phylogenetic evaluation of the group. Mitochondrial DNA 1: 544-548. https://doi.org/10.1080/23802359.2016.1198937 

Husemann M, Zachos FE, Paxton RJ, Habel JC (2016) Effective population size in ecology and evolution. Heredity 117: 191-192. https://doi.org/10.1038/hdy.2016.75

Meimberg H, Schachtler C, Curto M, Husemann M, Habel JC (2016) A new amplicon based approach of whole mitogenome sequencing for phylogenetic and phylogeographic analysis: an example of East African white-eyes (Aves, Zosteropidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 102: 74-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2016.05.023

Schmitt T, Louy D, Zimmermann E, Habel JC (2016) Species radiation in the Alps: Multiple range shifts caused diversification in Ringlet butterflies in the European high mountains. Organisms, Diversity and Evolution 16: 791. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13127-016-0282-6 

Ulrich W, Lens l, Tobias JA, Habel JC (2016) Contrasting patterns of species richness and functional diversity in bird communities of East African cloud forest fragments. PLoS ONE 11: e0163338. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0163338 


Habel JC, Brückmann SV, Krauss J, Schwarzer J, Weig A, Husemann M, Steffan-Dewenter I (2015) Impact of habitat fragmentation on the grassland butterfly Polyommatus coridon: stable genetic diversity or extinction debt? Conservation Genetics 16: 549-558. https://doi.org/10.1111/bij.12481 

Habel JC, Borghesio L, Newmark WD, Day JJ, Lens L, Husemann M, Ulrich W (2015) Evolution along the Great Rift Valley: phenotypic and genetic differentiation of East African white-eyes (Aves, Zosteropidae). Ecology and Evolution 5: 4849-4862.  https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1735 

Habel JC, Braun J, Fischer C, Weisser WW, Gossner MM (2015) Population restoration of the nocturnal bird Athene noctua in Western Europe: An example of evidence based species conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation 24: 1743-1753. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-015-0893-9 

Habel JC, Eggermont H, Teucher M, Hornetz B, Jaetzold R, Kasili S, Kimatu JN, Mairura Z, Mulwa RK, Weisser WW, Lens L (2015) Real-world complexity of food security and biodiversity conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation 24: 1531-1539. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-015-0866-z

Habel JC, Husemann M, Ulrich W (2015) Patterns of contact call differentiation in the panmictic East African Abyssinian White-eye Zosterops abyssinicus (Aves: Passeriformes). Ecology and Evolution 5: 5974-5982. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1828 

Habel JC, Teucher M, Pschonny S, Rost S, Fischer C (2015) Beyond prime areas of nature protection in East Africa: conservation ecology of a narrowly distributed Kenyan endemic bird species. Biodiversity and Conservation 24: 3071–3082. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-015-0998-1 

Habel JC, Zachos FE, Dapporto L, Radespiel U, Tellier A, Rödder D, Schmitt T (2015) Population genetics revisited – towards a multidisciplinary research field. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 115: 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1111/bij.12481 

Husemann M, Borghesio L, Lens L, Habel JC (2015) Habitat size, effective population size and gene flow in the Mountain White-eye Zosterops poliogaster. Conservation Genetics 114: 828-836. https://doi.org/10.1111/bij.12468 

Husemann M, Habel JC, Namkung S, Hochkirch A, Otte D, Danley PD (2015) Molecular evidence for an old world origin of Galapgos and Caribbean Band-Winged Grasshoppers (Acrididae: Oedipodinae: Sphingonotus). PlosOne 10: e0118208. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0118208 

Lechner R, Kuehn R, Schmitt T, Habel JC (2015) Ecological separation versus geographical isolation: population genetics of the water-lily leaf beetle Galerucella nymphaeae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 116: 423-431. https://doi.org/10.1111/bij.12591 

Teucher M, Fischer C, Busch C, Horn M, Igl J, Kerner J, Müller A, Mulwa RK, Habel JC (2015) A Kenyan endemic bird at home in invasive thickets. Journal for Basic and Applied Ecology 16: 180-188. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.baae.2015.01.002 


Cox SC, Prys-Jones RP, Habel JC, Amakobe BA, Day JJ (2014) Niche divergence promotes rapid diversification of East African sky island white-eyes (Aves: Zosteropidae). Molecular Ecology 23: 4103–4118. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.12840 

Engler JO, Balkenhol N, Filz K, Habel JC, Rödder D (2014) Species distribution models as a tool to generate landscape specific resistance surfaces for gene-flow assessments: a case study with three ecologically diverging hesperid butterflies. PLoS ONE 9: e106526. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106526 

Habel JC, Eggermont H, Günter S, Mulwa RK, Rieckmann M, Koh LP, Saliou N, Ferguson JWH, Gebremichael G, Githiru M, Weisser WW, Lens L (2014) Towards more equal footing in North-South biodiversity research: European-Sub-Saharan African viewpoints. Biodiversity and Conservation 23: 3143-3148. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-014-0761-z 

Habel JC, Mulwa RK, Gassert F, Rödder D, Ulrich W, Borghesio L, Husemann M, Lens L (2014) Population signatures of large-scale, long-term disjunction and small-scale, short-term habitat fragmentation in an Afromontane forest bird. Heredity 113: 205-214. https://doi.org/10.1038/hdy.2014.15 

Habel JC, Husemann M, Danley PD, Finger A, Zachos FE (2014) The relevance of time series in molecular ecology and conservation biology. Biological Reviews 89: 484-492.   https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12068 

Habel JC, Schmitt T (2014) Towards more evidence-based conservation: Additional thoughts to Müller & Opgenoorth. Basic and Applied Ecology 15: 379–384. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.baae.2014.07.001 

Habel JC, Ulrich W, Peters G, Husemann M, Lens L (2014) Effects from lowland panmixia and highland disjunction on the intraspecific differentiation in two East African mountain forest bird. Conservation Genetics 15: 655-664. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10592-014-0567-2

Husemann M, Schmitt T, Zachos FE, Ulrich W, Habel JC (2014) Palaearctic biogeography revisited: evidence for the existence of a North African refugium for western Palaearctic biota. Journal of Biogeography 41: 81-94. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12180  

Husemann M, Ulrich W, Habel JC (2014) Effects from distinct and overlapping occurrences in two East African White-eye congeners on the evolution of their bird calls. BMC Evolutionary Biology 14: 115. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-14-115 

Louy D, Habel JC, Abadjev S, Rakosy L, Varga Z, Rödder D, Schmitt T (2014) Molecules and models indicate diverging evolutionary effects from parallel altitudinal range shift in two mountain Ringlet butterflies. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 112: 569-583. https://doi.org/10.1111/bij.12240 

Schmitt T, Habel JC, Rödder D, Louy D (2014) Effects of recent and past climatic shifts on the genetic structure of the high mountain Yellow-spotted ringlet butterfly Erebia manto (Lepidoptera, Satyrinae): a conservation problem. Global Change Biology 20: 2045–2061. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12462

Stork N, Habel JC (2014) Can biodiversity hotspots protect more than tropical forest plants and vertebrates? Journal of Biogeography 41: 421–428. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12223 

Wiesner KR, Habel JC, Gossner MM, Loxdale HD, Köhler G, Schneider ARR, Tiedemann R, Weisser WW (2014) Effects of habitat performance and land use intensity on the genetic structure of the grasshopper species Chorthippus parallelus. Proceedings of the Royal Society Open Science 1: 140133. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.140133 


Gassert F, Schulte U, Husemann M, Ulrich W, Rödder D, Hochkirch A, Engel E, Meyer J, Habel JC (2013) From southern refugia to the northern margin: Population genetic structures of the common wall lizard Podarcis muralis. Journal of Biogeography 40: 1375-1489. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12109 

Habel JC, Cox S, Gassert F, Meyer J, Lens L (2013) Population genetics of four East African Mountain White-eye congenerics. Conservation Genetics 14: 1019-1028. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10592-013-0492-9 

Habel JC, Gossner MM, Meyer S, Eggermont H, Lens L, Dengler J, Weisser WW (2013) Mind the gaps when using science to address conservation concerns. Biodiversity and Conservation 22: 2131-2138. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-013-0536-y 

Habel JC, Husemann M, Schmitt T, Dapporto L., Rödder D, Vanderwoistijne S (2013) A forest butterfly in the oasis of the Sahara desert: isolation does not matter. Journal of Heredity 2: 234-247. https://doi.org/10.1093/jhered/ess092

Habel JC, Rödder D, Schmitt T, Lens L (2013) The genetic signature of ecologically diverging grassland lepidopterans. Biodiversity and Conservation 22: 2401-2411. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-012-0407-y 

Habel JC, Török P, Dengler J, Janišová M, Wiezik M, Wellstein C (2013) European grasslands: A threatened ecosystem biodiversity hotspot. Biodiversity and Conservation 22: 2131-2138. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-013-0537-x 

Habel JC, Weisser WW, Eggermont H, Lens L (2013) Food-security versus biodiversity protection: An example of land-sharing from Eastern Africa. Biodiversity and Conservation 22: 1553-1555. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-013-0479-3 

Habel JC, Zachos FE (2013) Past population history versus recent population decline – founder effects in island species and their genetic signatures. Journal of Biogeography 40: 206-207. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12017 

Louy D, Habel JC, Abadjev S, Schmitt T (2013) Genetic legacy from past panmixia: high genetic variability and low differentiation in disjunct populations of the Eastern Large Heath butterfly. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 110: 281-290. https://doi.org/10.1111/bij.12144

Zachos FE, Apollonio M, Bärmann EV, Festa-Bianchet M, Göhlich U, Habel JC, Haring E, Kruckenhauser L, Lovari S, McDevitt AD, Pertoldi C, Rössner GE, Sánchez-Villagra MR, Scandura M, Suchentrunk F (2013) Species inflation and taxonomic artefacts - A critical comment on recent trends in mammalian classification. Mammalian Biology 78: 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mambio.2012.07.083


Augenstein B, Ulrich W, Habel JC (2012) Directional temporal shifts in community structure of butterflies and ground beetles in fragmented oligotrophic grasslands of Central Europe. Basic and Applied Ecology 13: 715-724. Habel JC, Zachos F (2012) Habitat fragmentation versus fragmented habitats. Biodiversity and Conservation 21: 2987-2990. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.baae.2012.09.004 

Habel JC, Engler JO, Rödder D, Lens L, Schmitt T (2012) Contrasting genetic and morphologic responses on recent habitat-collapse in two burnet moths (Lepidoptera, Zygaenidae). Conservation Genetics 13: 1293-1304. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10592-012-0372-8 

Habel JC, Engler JO, Rödder D, Schmitt T (2012) Landscape genetics of a recent population extirpation in a burnet moth species. Conservation Genetics 13: 247-255. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10592-011-0280-3

Habel JC, Husemann M, Schmitt T, Zachos FE, Honnen A-C, Petersen B, Parmakelis A, Stathi I (2012) Microallopatry caused diversification in Buthus scorpions (Scorpiones: Buthidae) of the Atlas Mountains (NW Africa). PLoS ONE 7: e29403. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029403 

Habel JC, Reuter M, Drees C, Pfaender J (2012) Does isolation affect phenotypic variability and fluctuating asymmetry in the endangered Red Apollo? Journal of Insect Conservation 16: 571-579. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-011-9442-3 

Habel JC, Schmitt T (2012) The burden of genetic diversity. Biological Conservation 147: 270-274. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2011.11.028 

Habel JC, Ulrich W, Assmann T (2012) Allele elimination recalculated: Nested subsets analyses for molecular biogeographic data. Journal of Biogeography 40: 769-777. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12054

Husemann M, Namkung S, Habel JC, Danley PD, Hochkirch A (2012) Phylogenetic analyses of band-winged grasshoppers (Orthoptera, Acrididae, Oedipodinae) reveal convergence of wing morphology. Zoologica Scripta 41: 515-526. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2012.00548.x

Husemann M, Schmitt T, Stathi I, Habel JC (2012) Evolution and radiation in the scorpion Buthus elmouatakili (Scorpiones: Buthidae) at the foothills of the Atlas Mountains (North Africa). Journal of Heredity 103: 221-229. https://doi.org/10.1093/jhered/esr130


Drees C, Brandmayr P, Buse J, Dieker P, Gürlich S, Habel JC, Harry I, Härdtle W, Matern A, Meyer H, Pizzolotto R, Quante M, Schäfer K, Schuldt A, Taboada A, Assmann T (2011) Poleward range expansion without a southern contraction in the ground beetle Agonum viridicupreum (Coleoptera, Carabidae). ZooKeys 100: 333–352. 0.3897/zookeys.100.1535 

Dapporto L. Habel JC, Dennis R, Schmitt T (2011) The biogeography of the western Mediterranean: elucidating contradictory distribution patterns of differentiation in Maniola jurtina (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 103: 571-577. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2011.01639.x 

Habel JC, Finger A, Schmitt T, Nève G (2011) Changing over time: 15 years of isolation influence the population genetic structure of the endangered butterfly Lycaena helle. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 49: 25-31. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0469.2010.00575.x 

Habel JC, Husemann M, Rödder D, Schmitt T (2011) Is the Atlanto-Mediterranean refuge real? Speciation hotspot and expansion dynamics of Melanargia ines in Western Mediterranean. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 104: 828-837. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2011.01760.x 

Habel JC, Lens L, Rödder D, Schmitt T (2011) From Africa to Europe and back: multiple range shifts and colonisations caused high genetic variability in the Marbled White butterfly. BMC Evolutionary Biology 11: 215. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-11-215 

Habel JC, Rödder D, Schmitt T, Nève G (2011) Global warming will affect genetic diversity of Lycaena helle populations. Global Change Biology 17: 194-205. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02233.x 


Habel JC, Ivinskis P, Schmitt T (2010) On the limit of altitudinal range shifts - Population genetics of relict butterfly populations. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 56: 383–393. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/268418640_On_the_limit_of_altitudinal_range_shifts_-_Population_genetics_of_relict_butterfly_populations

Habel JC, Junker M, Schmitt T (2010) Low genetic differentiation and high dispersal ability in the widespread butterfly species Melanargia galathea. Journal of Insect Conservation 14: 467-478. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-010-9275-5 

Habel JC, Rödder D, Scalercio S, Meyer M, Schmitt T (2010) Strong genetic cohesiveness between Italy and the Maghreb in four butterfly species. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 99: 818-830.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2010.01394.x 

Habel JC, Schmitt T, Meyer M, Finger A, Rödder D, Assmann T, Zachos FE (2010): Biogeography meets conservation biology: genetic structures of the highly endangered postglacial relict butterfly Lycaena helle. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 101: 155-168. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2010.01471.x 


Finger A, Schmitt T, Meyer M, Assmann T, Zachos FE, Habel JC (2009) The genetic status of the Violet Copper Lycaena helle, a relict of the cold past in times of global warming. Ecography 32: 382-390. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0587.2008.05766.x 

Habel JC, Dieker P, Schmitt T (2009) Biogeographical connections between the Maghreb and the Mediterraenan peninsulas of southern Europe. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 98: 693-703. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2009.01300.x

Habel JC, Finger A, Meyer M, Louy D, Zachos F, Assmann T, Schmitt T (2009) Unprecedented long-term genetic monomorphism in an endangered relict butterfly species. Conservation Genetics 10:1659-1665. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10592-008-9744-5 

Habel JC, Schmitt T (2009) The genetic consequences of different dispersal behaviours in two Lycaenid butterfly species. Bulletin of Entomological Research 99: 513-523. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0587.2008.05766.x 

Habel JC, Meyer M, Schmitt T (2009) The genetic consequence of differing ecological demands of a generalist and a specialist butterfly species. Biodiversity and Conservation 18: 1895-1908. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-008-9563-5 


Habel JC, Finger A, Meyer M, Schmitt T, Assmann T (2008) Polymorphic microsatellite loci in the endangered butterfly Lycaena helle (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Journal of European Entomology 105: 361-362. DOI: 10.14411/eje.2008.043

Habel JC, Meyer M, El Mousadik A, Schmitt T (2008) Africa goes Europa: The complete phylogeography of the Marbled White butterfly species complex Melanargia galathea / lachesis. Organisms, Diversity & Evolution 8: 121-129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ode.2007.04.002 


Habel JC, Schmitt T, Härdtle W, Lütkepohl M, Assmann T (2007) Dynamics in a butterfly-plant-ant system: influence of habitat characteristics on turnover rates of the endangered lycaenid Maculinea alcon. Ecological Entomology 32: 536-543. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.2007.00903.x 

Louy D, Habel JC, Schmitt T, Meyer M, Assmann T, Müller P (2007) Strongly diverging population genetic patterns of three skipper species: isolation, restricted gene flow and panmixis. Conservation Genetics 8: 671-681.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10592-006-9213-y


Schmitt T, Habel JC, Besold J, Becker T, Johnen, L, Knolle M, Rzepecki A, Schultze J, Zapp A (2006) The Chalk-hill Blue Polyommatus coridon (Lycaenidae, Lepidoptera) in a highly fragmented landscape: How sedentary is a sedentary butterfly? Journal of Insect Conservation 10: 311-316. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-006-9000-6

Schmitt T, Habel JC, Zimmermann M, Müller P (2006) Genetic differentiation of the Marbled White butterfly, Melanargia galathea, accounts for glacial distribution patterns and postglacial range expansion in southeastern Europe. Molecular Ecology 15: 1889-1901. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2006.02900.x 


Habel JC, Schmitt T, Müller P (2005) The fourth paradigm pattern of postglacial range expansion of European terrestrial species: the phylogeography of the Marbled White butterfly (Satyrinae, Lepidoptera). Journal of Biogeography 32: 1489-1497.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2005.01273.x 


Books/ Book chapters

Trusch R, Habel JC, Schmitt T (2020) Artenvielfalt im freien Fall - Flächendeckender Rückgang von Schmetterlingen in Baden-Württemberg. Naturmagazin 1/2020

Habel JC, Schmitt T, Brunzel S, Segerer A, Stettmer C (2020) Expertenstatements: Die Entwicklung  der Tag- und Nachtfalter in Mitteleuropa. ANLiegen Natur 42/1 https://www.anl.bayern.de/publikationen/anliegen/doc/an42113habel_et_al_2020_expertenstatements_entwicklung_schmetterlinge.pdf

Habel JC, Meyer M,Schmitt T (2016) Jewels in the mist - A biological synopsis on the endangered butterfly Lycaena helle. Journal of Insect Conservation 20:163-164 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-016-9849-y

Habel JC, Meyer M, Husemann M (2012) Out of Africa – Die Biogeographische Bedeutung des Maghreb am Beispiel von Arthropoden. Entomologie heute 24:123-135 https://docplayer.org/64309185-Out-of-africa-die-biogeografische-bedeutung-des-maghreb-am-beispiel-von-arthropoden.html

Habel JC, Meyer M, Schmitt T, Varga Z in press. From the core to the margin: the biogeography of the Violet Copper Lycaena helle during the last glacial-interglacial transition, in: Habel JC, Meyer M (2011) Jewels in the mist - A biological synopsis on the endangered butterfly Lycaena helle. Pensoft, Praha.

Habel JC, Meyer M, Schmitt T (2011) Der biologische Wert peripherer Populationen am Beispiel der Tagfalterarten Lycaena helle und Parnassius apollo. Entomologie heute 13:93-102.

Zachos FE, Habel JC (2011) Biodiversity Hotspots. Springer, Heidelberg

Zachos FE, Mittermeier RA, Habel JC (2011) Biodiversity Hotspots: Concluding Remarks and Perspectives. Pages 529-536 in: F. E. Zachos, J. C. Habel, editors. Biodiversity Hotspots. Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Assmann T, Casale A, Drees C, Habel JC, Matern A, Schuldt A (2010) Review: The Dark Side of Relict Species Biology: Cave Animals as Ancient Lineages. Pages 91-103 in: Habel JC, Assmann T, editors. Relict Species. Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Habel JC, Assmann T (2010) Relict Species - Phylogeography and Conservation Biology. Springer Heidelberg

Habel JC, Augenstein B, Nève G, Rödder D, Assmann T (2010) Population genetics and ecological niche modelling reveal high fragmentation and potential future extinction of the endangered relict butterfly Lycaena helle in: Habel JC,  Assmann T, eds. (2010) Relict Species - Phylogeography and Conservation Biology. Springer Heidelberg.

Habel JC, Drees C, Schmitt T, Assmann T (2010) Refugial areas and postglacial colonisations in the Western Palearctic in: Relict Species - Phylogeography and Conservation Biology. 2009. Springer Heidelberg.

Habel JC, Schmitt T, Assmann T (2010) Relict species- from past to future in: Relict Species - Phylogeography and Conservation Biology. Springer Heidelberg.

Habel JC, Schmitt T, Assmann T (2010) Relict species: some concluding remarks, in: Relict Species - Phylogeography and Conservation Biology. Springer Heidelberg.

Assmann T, Buse J, Drees C, Habel JC, Härdtle W, Matern A, Oheimb G, Schuldt A, Wrase DW (2008) From latreille to DNA systematics – towards a modern synthesis for carabidology in: Penev L, Erwin T, Assmann T (2008) Back to the roots and back to the future – towads a new synthesis amongst taxonomic, ecological and biogeographical approaches in carabidology. Pensoft Publishers Sofia, Moskau 344 pp. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/233866736_From_Latreille_to_DNA_systematics_-_towards_a_modern_synthesis_for_carabidology

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