14.03.2019

24 May: Guest Lecture - Essential Lipids in Aquatic Food Webs: Nutritional Requirements, Physiological Constraints, and Trophic Transfer

PD Dr. Dominik Martin-Creuzburg will give a lecture on "Essential lipids in aquatic food webs: nutritional requirements, physiological constraints, and trophic transfer" on 24 May, 2019, at 14:00 in Hörsaal 421 of the NW Faculty. The Department of Life Sciences invites you to attend!

Barrierefreiheit: Kurzbeschreibung des Bildes

PD Dr. Dominik Martin-Creuzburg ist Leiter der Gruppe Chemical Ecology & Ecophysiology am Limnological Institute der Universität Konstanz.

Abstract:
A dietary deficiency in essential lipids has serious physiological and ecological consequences for invertebrate consumers. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and sterols are indispensable structural components of eukaryotic cell membranes and serve as precursors for a number of bioactive molecules, such as eicosanoids and ecdysteroids. Eicosanoids are known to modulate reproduction and immunity while ecdysteroids are involved in the process of molting. PUFA play a crucial role for the so-called homeoviscous adaptation of membranes to varying temperatures and the dietary PUFA supply may thus affect the ability of ectothermic animals to cope with temperature fluctuations. Moreover, PUFA-derived eicosanoids have been shown to influence invertebrate immune responses and there is evidence that the dietary PUFA supply can affect the outcome of parasite-host interactions and the susceptibility to pathogens. Sterol auxotrophy is widespread among invertebrates. In contrast to animals, which predominantly contain cholesterol, plants and especially algae contain a great diversity of so-called phytosterols. Consequently, herbivorous invertebrates need to metabolize dietary phytosterols to cholesterol to cover their physiological demands. Dietary phytosterols, however, differ substantially in their potential to support growth and reproduction of invertebrates. Investigating the physiological constraints associated with an inadequate dietary lipid supply is crucial for understanding the performances of animals under various environmental conditions. The availability of essential lipids for consumers strongly depends on primary production and trophic transfer efficiencies. Aim of this talk is to highlight recent advances in biochemical food quality research and to point out gaps in knowledge and new avenues for future research.

 

After the seminar (ca. 16:00 h), everybody is welcome to join us for drinks and munchies in the „coffee corner on the second floor“.

 

Ulrike Berninger Dr. Ulrike-Gabriele Berninger

AG-Leiterin

Universität Salzburg

Hellbrunnerstr. 34; Raum Nr.: D-2.004

Tel: +43(0) 662/8044-5647

E-mail to Ulrike Berninger Dr. Ulrike-Gabriele Berninger

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