Book Looting during National Socialism  

The National Socialists did not only steal huge amounts of works of art, but also looted books en masse. The victims included Jews, trade unions, convents or institutions of political opponents in Germany, Austria, and the Nazi-occupied territories. Manuscripts, incunabula, banned literature, specialist literature of all kinds, school books or novels – valuable items as well as mass products: whole libraries changed owners by force.

This book theft happened in a Europe-wide network as an organized battle for ideological dominance, financial profit, and valuable trophies. In addition, all public libraries had to eliminate banned literature. These volumes were distributed to scholarly libraries throughout the German Reich which ruthlessly integrated the looted books into their inventory.


The looting of books in Salzburg  

Little is known of the book theft taking place in the region of Salzburg between 1938 and 1945, but it did happen. The National Socialist organization “Forschungsgemeinschaft Deutsches Ahnenerbe” took over the library of the „Katholischer Universitätsverein“ (i.e. the Catholic University Association). The voluminous library of the castle Schloss Leopoldskron which belonged to the Jewish director Max Reinhardt, a founder of the Salzburg Festival, was confiscated. Local convents and other Catholic institutions were dissolved and their libraries were transferred to the Studienbibliothek Salzburg and the custody of its director Ernst Frisch. He voluntarily performed this task despite the library’s shortage of staff in the hope of bringing the valuable objects of the looted collections into the possession of “his” Studienbibliothek. He aimed at raising its importance in the library hierarchy of the German Reich.

 

Abb. Buchraub Abb. Buchraub Abb. Buchraub

  • News
    The recording of the PLUS Talks "Studies and Teaching WS 2020/21“ from 25.11.2020 is now available.
    Matthias Henke, musicologist, Danube University Krems, talks about Beethoven's current biography “Beethoven. Akkord der Welt ( Chord of the World)”, published in 2020 by Hanser Verlag.
    Researchers led by Salzburg's geoinformatics scientist Christian Neuwirth had already developed and presented a mathematical model for Covid-19 in May 2020 which examines the question of how long and intensively social distancing measures have to be maintained in order to reduce corona deaths further.
    Results of the study on media use by children and families during lockdown. Home schooling could be improved, but is on the right track. Secondary schools have a better profile. Families have learned to deal with lockdown and homeschooling.
    As a result of the current situation the updated opening times for Salzburg University library will apply from the 17th November 2020.
    A study carried out by the sleep laboratory of the Faculty of Natural Sciences on the topic of sleep under the direction Prof. Dr. Manuel Schabus is dedicated to the changes in sleep during the Covid-19 lockdown in 6 different countries (Ö, AT, UK, GR, CU, BRA). The fear, which is worrying from a psychological point of view, and which is evident across society, is also reflected in this data: 78% of those surveyed feel threatened or worried by the Covid-19 pandemic.
    Online lecture on chemistry: December 2nd 2020 - 6 p.m. Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna received the 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the discovery of one of the sharpest tools in genetic engineering: the CRISPR / Cas9 genetic scissors. With this technology, researchers can modify the DNA of animals, plants and microorganisms with extremely high precision.
    The PLUS Report 2020 has been published.
    Digitization has led to an enormous spread of different forms of mobile working. Corona has brought an additional boost and has introduced home office in areas and for activities that were previously unimaginable.
    During the time of Corona, in particular, it became clear just how important it is to support students digitally in their every day university life. The project „On Track“ – stay on track combines digital and social worlds. It is starting at the right time!
  • Veranstaltungen
  • 27.11.20 Update Immobilienertragsteuer sowie neue Grunderwerbsteuer und Gerichtsgebühren (ganztägig)
    01.12.20 Der Körper als PLAYFUL TOOL
    02.12.20 Musikpyhsiologie und Musikermedizin: Musizieren im Zusammenwirken von Psyche und Körper
    02.12.20 Nobelpreise 2020 - CHEMIE (Genschere)
  • Alumni Club
  • PRESS
  • University of Salzburg's facebook site University of Salzburg's twitter site University of Salzburg's instagram site University of Salzburg's flickr site University of Salzburg's vimeo site